The length of each of these foods is a rough guide to the length of your growing baby throughout your pregnancy.
Right from the beginning, your body is very busy.
Once fertilization of an egg has taken place, the egg starts to divide as it travel down the fallopian tube, towards the uterus. The lining of the uterus has already thickened and is ready for the egg to implant into it. The levels of hCG will rise which prevents a period from taking place.
Most women will be aware of a missed period by now and might be starting to experience some of the symptoms of pregnancy, which can include:
nausea and sickness
sore and swollen breasts
strong sense of smell and/or taste
needing to wee more frequently
you might go off certain food and drinks
looks like a tadpole
the neural tube is formed, which will become the spinal cord and brain
the heart forms and develops into 4 chambers and starts to circulate
blood around the body
limb buds start to develop
the stomach is formed
the head is formed
veins can now be seen beneath the skin
the placenta develops
the tail begins to disappear and the hands becoming noticeable
your metabolism will speed up and your blood volume will start
to increase to meet the demands of pregnancy. This increased blood volume could give you headaches.
your uterus is about the size of a grapefruit, which could cause lower backache
you be feeling quite rough and tired
The nose, mouth and lips are almost developed and the
eyes are at the front of the face
The testes or ovaries develop and the
ovaries will begin to produce eggs
The limbs are getting longer
your embryo now becomes a fetus – this means that the critical part of
your baby’s development is now complete
your baby’s mouth can open and close and he can swallow
reflexes are developing so your baby can move
your baby’s brain is developing into to halves
fingernails start to grow
your baby is now fully formed
your boobs and waist may feel bigger
your uterus moves above the pubic bone so a bump could start to develop
your energy might start to increase
As the early pregnancy symptoms start to disappear, you could be feeling really well again.
Some women feel like they are glowing during the second trimester, with more energy as well as
the excitement of telling more people about your pregnancy.
the spine straightens out and the neck uncurls further
the taste buds are formed
have probably had your first scan now so you might be feeling more relieved and you might be telling more
people about your pregnancy
hair starts to grow
skin starts to thicken
starts to make regular breathing movements
might have more energy now and you might feel like you are glowing as your bump grows and you don’t feel the need to crawl into bed as soon as you finish work
you might feel like doing more if you are feeling better – that could be having a social life again, exercising again or you might also want to start something pregnancy related like yoga, pilates, aquanatal or aerobics
might also be feeling hot – with an increased sex drive
the lungs are developing further as the brionchioles and alveoli form
your baby may now be larger than the placenta
your baby can move his arms and legs vigorously
the milk teeth buds are created
eyes and ears are in the correct place
could start to hiccup
fingerprints are forming
eyes are developing and the eye lids are fused together
cartilage starts to form bone
there might be fluttering in your bump now – that is your baby kicking and floating about
the nerves start to develop
a scan can probably show the sex of your baby now
your baby starts to be covered in vernix
you may have had your second scan now
your baby could be very active now – with kicks and somersaults
there will be more hiccups and yawns
the body and leg growth will have caught up with the head
the buds for the adult teeth are now developing
the nostrils are starting to open up
starts to lay down more fat now
the meconium starts to develop in the gut
the bones in the inner ear are developing so your baby is more responsive to sounds
the nervous system is developing so your baby is more active
more brain development has taken place and hand coordination has improved – your baby may start
to make a fist and sucking its thumb
the eyelids start to open so your baby can become aware of light
as your baby’s growth is rapid, your bump might grow quickly so – backache could start to
kick-in at this point and you could start to feel a bit unsteady as your shape changes
heartburn can start to affect you
you might feel like you are unable to breathe in deeply
This could be the time when you well and truly feel like you are making a human being, as your bump
gets bigger and your baby kicks and wriggles.
It can be a great time to bond with your baby but tiredness and nausea can creep in again for some women.
Things to think about: attend good antenatal classes so you get the best birth preparation for you.
probably has a sleep-wake pattern
the brain is no longer smooth – it is folding to accommodate the millions and
millions of brain cells
The teeth buds have developed separate layers of enamel and dentine
The layer of vernix on your baby’s skin thickens
might be having weird dreams – this can be common in pregnancy
you might start to feel a little more tired and achy again now – a swim, resting and yoga or pilates can continue to help
is aware of your heartbeat, breathing and stomach sounds
along with the blood moving through the umbilical cord
loud noises can startle your baby
is awake for longer periods
he is becoming more aware of himself – he can touch his face,
hold the umbilical cord and suck his thumb, as the sucking reflex is also developing
you might start to experience some discomfort in your pelvis, as your joints start to loosen for labour. If this is painful, it can help to see a physiotherapist and simple things such as: sleeping with a pillow between your knees, trying not to stand on one leg to get dressed, avoid using a shopping trolley as this can put pressure on your pelvis
your baby is almost full term now. He is fully formed although his lungs may need to develop a bit more and he just needs to grow and add a layer of fat.
your baby may be engaging into your pelvis now which may ease your heartburn and make your breathing a little easier
your boobs might start to leak some breastmilk
you might be experiencing Braxton Hicks contractions as your body starts to get ready for labour
this is a great time to think about the position of your baby – to help your baby stay on the left of your bump, try not to lean back to often and lie on your left side when you rest/sleep
use your birthball – sitting on it and leaning over it can ease backache and encourage your baby to stay in a good position for labour
More than half of all babies are born before their due date but labour will start when your baby is ready – that said you might be feeling huge and very ready to meet your baby now.
You won’t have long to wait.
If you are concerned about your baby – even if it is just a feeling you have, get yourself checked out at your nearest pregnancy assessment unit
Try to enjoy this time off work before your baby arrives – nap, read, go for cake, see a movie, get a massage.
If you are feeling anxious or worried about birth or being induced – practise your breathing to relax and stay calm and speak with your midwife. You can also contact Janine at Birth & Baby for a peptalk or last-minute preparation for labour and/or induction. Janine provides face-to-face, phone and online support.
You may even be experiencing some signs of labour, especially if this is not your first pregnancy. You could be having:
Braxton Hicks, which tend to come on when you are relaxed in the evening
more vaginal discharge, which could be your mucous plug starting to come away
cramping – this could be your body getting ready for labour
low backache – this can be a sign of early labour
antenatal educator, postnatal group leader, baby massage instructor, parent life coach